Oral cancers can occur in any part of the oral cavity. This could include the lips, the tongue, the throat, the pharynx, the larynx, salivary glands or even the maxillary sinuses. Early detection is mandatory for a favourable prognosis, there are certain signs and symptoms which we need to look out for.
Signs and symptoms
- Patches – Sores, swellings, lumps or thick patches anywhere in or around your mouth or throat. These can be white or red and looks like thrush.
- Lumps – The feeling of a lump or object stuck in your throat. Not every lump is cancerous, but it needs to be closely examined.
- Mouth ulcers – Mouth ulcers do not heal. Catching a small cancerous ulcer means a small portion of tongue needs to be removed.
- Inflammation – Inflammation of the skin or swelling of the mouth will tend to start slowly. There maybe a numbness, or tingling sensation, or there could be tenderness in any part of the oral cavity.
- Pain – Pain while chewing or swallowing food begins.
- Sensation – Numbness, pain or tenderness anywhere in your mouth, including your tongue.
- Speaking – Trouble moving your jaw or tongue, or problems with chewing, swallowing or speaking.