Laparoscopy is also known as diagnostic laparoscopy. It is a common surgical procedure used to examine the internal organs of the abdomen. During the laparoscopic surgeries a small tube called cannula is inserted through the small incision made below the belly button. The camera attached to the laparoscope helps in displaying the images on screen.
Laparoscopic surgery for intra abdominal surgeries was introduced in the early 1990s. The surgical method inside the body remains the same in both open surgery and laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopy is a Minimal invasive surgery that means performing surgical procedures with least trauma and harm to the body tissue. In laparoscopic surgery abdominal incisions are made of the length of about 5 to 10 millimetres is size compared to the open method where a minimum of 10 cm is required.
There is clear evidence that laparoscopic surgery when compared to open surgery is associated with less blood loss, less chance of postoperative infection, shorter hospital stay and much faster recovery. But as with any surgical procedure laparoscopy is also associated with complication rate anywhere between 0.2 and 3%. It may be in the form of risks associated with anaesthesia, injuries to blood vessels causes heavy bleeding, injury to abdomen, Postoperative wound infection. Any Procedure that is started laparoscopically could be converted into an open method if the Technical difficulties required so and it is done for the safety of the patience and interest of the patient and it should not be considered as a complication