Laparoscopic surgery is also referred to as minimally invasive surgery, band aid surgery, or key hole surgery. In laparoscopic surgeries small incisions are made that prevents excessive bleeding and results in speedy recovery of the patient. Currently most of the gynaecological procedures are performed through laparoscopy, as it is associated when compared to the open surgery with lesser amount of blood loss, lesser chance of postoperative infection, shorter hospital stay and much faster recovery. As with any surgical procedures laparoscopy is also associated with the complications rates between 0.3 and 3%.
This incidence of complication increases when the patient is obese or there is a previous history of any intra abdominal surgery or when the gynaecological procedure is complex. Broadly we can classify the complications in to major and minor. Major complications arose associated with the risk of anaesthesia, severe and heavy bleeding, post operated infection or injury to any organs such as the intestine, the urinary bladder or the uterus.
The minor complications are those associated with my abdominal incision site infections, postoperative urinary retention, post operated Tract infection and a condition called paralytic ileus where the intestine take a longer time to come back to normal function. While performing a laparoscopic surgery, for any procedure it can be converted into open method if the technical difficulties require so. And this is done only in the interest of the patients, for the safety of a patient and should not be considered as a complication.