What is Epilepsy?

Published on June 2, 2015 by HWC Team

Epilepsy-what you need to know?

Epilepsy, also called as a seizure disorder, is a serious mental condition featured by recurrent seizures. Generally, seizures can be seen in one in ten adults at any point of their lifetime.

Do seizures mean Epilepsy?

Having a seizure does not mean Epilepsy. Few seizures that do not lead to Epilepsy include febrile seizures, nonepileptic events, first seizures and eclampsia.

What are the symptoms?

  • Seizures can last for seconds or minutes and can appear in various forms
  • There is a more generalized tonic-clonic seizure termed as a grand mal seizure, where the patient passes out and start trembling with jerky rhythmic motions of their arms and legs
  • Other subtle seizures that cannot be recognized are lip snacking, staring spells and slight twitching
  • Person experiencing a seizure will cry out or make sounds and stiffen for few seconds
  • Loss of urine is common while seizing
  • In fact, a person may seem like not breathing and turns blue. This will be followed by a deep and noisy breathes

What are the causes?

People whose parent or sibling has Epilepsy are more likely to face this disorder.

Other factors include:

  • Congenital brain malformations,
  • Low oxygen at birth,
  • Few types of infections,
  • Brain tumors,
  • Cerebral palsy having a stroke,
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Alzheimer

How to prevent?

Epilepsy can be prevented by:

  • Wearing seatbelts
  • Bicycle helmets
  • Preventing head injury and trauma
  • Taking good prenatal care, including preventing infections during pregnancy and taking treatment for high blood pressure
  • Seeking treatment for disorders that affects the brain function
  • Seeking medical advice after first or second seizures

How it can be treated?

Diagnosing the type of epilepsy is very important for finding effective treatment. Once it is diagnosed, you can consult epileptologists who are specialized in treating epilepsy.

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