Hysterectomy is a surgery in which the uterus is removed from the female body. It depends on the problem with the uterus that which type of hysterectomy is required. In earlier days there was not much of technology involved and laparotomy was done by cutting open the abdomen by 10-15 cm and the uterus was taken out from that cut; or sometimes through birth canal.
Vaginal hysterectomy is preferred in patients who have “genital prolapse” i.e. uterus descends down due to previous deliveries and in old age patients due to hormonal deficiency.
With latest techniques nowadays laparoscopy is done by just with a cut of 1 cm and three 0.5 cm holes. From the 1 cm cut, a high-definition camera is inserted. With the help of this camera, the doctor can see 5-10 times better. The camera goes into the abdomen and from three 0.5 cm holes, doctors insert their laparoscopic instruments. This process is known as key-hole surgery or laparoscopic hysterectomy. Below given are some advantages of this key-hole surgery:
- Less number and small size of cuts.
- Less pain, less blood loss. Especially in obese and diabetic patients.
- Faster recovery.
In the case of diabetic and obese patients, recovery is faster as they are more prone to infections and hernia. With laparoscopy chances of infections can be reduced.