Thyroid problems – most common thyroid problems, symptoms and treatment

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Published on June 2, 2015 by HWC Team

Thyroid-types, causes, symptoms and treatment

Thyroid, the hormonal disorder is being experienced by most people these days. Generally, thyroid disease is categorized into three types.

Hyperthyroidism

When thyroid gland produces excessive thyroid hormone, then this condition is termed as Hyperthyroidism. It leads to the acceleration of metabolism, which consumes a lot of energy and makes you feel tired. Hyperthyroidism also makes a person nervous and stressed.

What are the symptoms?

  • Feeling warm
  • Breath problems
  • Strength issues
  • Menstrual problems
  • Weight loss
  • Diarrhea
  • Heart beat grows faster
  • Psychological disorders

All these issues may or may not occur at the same time. In few cases, thyroid gland can be increased.

What are the causes?

Hyperthyroidism is caused by Graves’ disease, in which our body produces antibodies to excite the thyroid gland, leading to excessive production of thyroid hormone. Graves’ disease can also cause eye problems.

How it can be treated?

Hyperthyroidism can be treated with medication. What type of treatment should be given completely depends on the cause. Radioactive iodine & surgery are the alternative options to treat this disorder.

Hypothyroidism

Unlike Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism is occurred when thyroid gland does not produce thyroid hormone that is required for normal functioning of the body. This condition leads to decreased metabolism.

What are the symptoms?

  • Tiredness
  • Cold
  • Heart problems
  • Weight gain
  • Depression
  • Hair loss
  • Hoarse voice
  • Bowel issues

What are the causes?

Hashimoto disease is the main reason behind hypothyroidism. In people affected with this disease, there will be an immune response against thyroid gland, which obstructs the thyroid function.

How it can be treated?

Hypothyroidism can be cured with thyroid hormone pills.

Goiter

It is the most common thyroid disorder. In the case of Goiter, the size of your thyroid gland increases and a swell appears in the neck.

What are the symptoms?

  • Problem in swallowing or breathing
  • Cough
  • Hoarseness

What are the causes?

  • Infection
  • Iodine deficit
  • Malignant disease

How thyroid problems can be identified?

  • Blood test
  • Thyroid scan
  • Puncture

How it can be treated?

Surgery and radioactive iodine are the two options for Goiter.

So, if you are experiencing such symptoms, then it’s the time to consult your doctor now!

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