Risks associated with minimally invasive cardiac surgery

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Published on January 31, 2017 by shiva

Minimally invasive cardiac surgery is a type of heart surgery used to cure heart diseases. Minimally invasive cardiac surgery is performed by making small incisions in the right side of your chest. Minimally invasive heart surgeries are usually done as an alternative to open heart surgery.
The basic requirement for any open heart surgery or minimally invasive cardiac surgery is that, you need to stop the heart. To stop the function of your heart, your cardiac surgeon needs to get an access to your femoral artery and femoral vein. The femoral arteries should be big enough to accept the cannula. Minimally invasive cardiac surgery is generally not recommended for children as you need to divert the blood to heart lung machine. The heart lung machine will take care of the heart and lung.
To use the heart lung machine, either your surgeon needs to have a direct access to your heart or they need to go through the femoral artery and femoral vein. In children the femoral artery and femoral vein is very small. In most of the adults with cardiac diseases have weak arteries and veins to accept the cannula during surgery.
A Doppler test is usually done to study the size of the artery before performing any open heart surgery or minimally invasive cardiac surgery. Only in cases when the patient’s artery size is large enough to accept cannula, open heart surgery is performed.
The other risk associated with minimally invasive cardiac surgery is bleeding. The surgery need to be done in a step wise manner to avoid any complications and bleeding. The complete team of doctors who are performing this surgery need to know every step to avoid any risk during surgery.

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