Valvuloplasty is a heart valve surgery which is done to open the blocked heart valve and it is completely different from angioplasty. In angioplasty, the surgical procedure is done on the arteries which are supplying blood to the heart, mainly the primary arteries whereas on the other hand, Valvuloplasty surgery is done on the valves within the heart. Below given are more details on Valvuloplasty:
- Valvuloplasty is done on the specific valve which needs to be dilated. The access is either through Trans arterial root or Trans Venus root.
- For example, if the mitral valve needs to be dilated, the femoral vein in the groin is used for access.
- Next the procedure called transeptal puncture is done through the Venus route which provides access to the left portion of the heart.
- Now the valve is dilated with Valvuloplasty balloon.
- If the aortic valve needs to be dilated, trans-arterial access from groin is used.
- Next the valve is crossed and is dilated with Valvuloplasty balloon.
The groin area is always used for access in the surgery. The vein which has to be used for access depends on the valve which needs dilation. Trans-arterial or femoral vein is used.