Obesity is a condition of having excess fat and a body mass index of 30 or higher. In the last three decades obesity has increased from 15% to 35%.Calorie intake has increased from 1996 to 2234 per day in adults but childhood obesity has decreased from 14% in 2004 to 8.4% in 2012.
Health problems related to obesity are stroke, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer. In the U.S.A. 21% of the annual medical expenditure is done on obesity related problems. African American population has the highest rate of obesity at 47.8% followed by the Hispanians (42.5%) Caucasians (32.6%) and Asians (10.8%). A relation exists between education and obesity among women but not men. Women with lower education and income are more obese than the more educated and affluent ones.
U.S.A is the eighth obese country in the world with 31.8% of the population being overweight. Delaware (34.3%) ,West Virginia ( 34.4%) and Mississippi (35.4%) are the states in U.S.A .with the highest obesity rate. The top three countries with obesity are Egypt with overweight population of 33.6%, Saudi Arabia (35.2%) and Kuwait (42.8%).
It can be concluded that obesity is of prime concern and needs to be controlled as it leads to varied health related problems.