What is glue ear?
Glue ears, also known as secretory otitis media, is a condition of the ear in which collection of fluid is observed behind the ear drums. The disease gets its name from the sticky, glue-like mucus that gets collected behind the ear drums. This condition is very common in children.
In the age-group of 0 to 2 years, 1 out of 5 children are affected by this condition.
In the age-group of 0 to 10 years, 8 out of 10 children are affected by this condition.
Causes of Glue ear:
Glue ear is caused by malfunction of the Eustachian tube and negative pressure which in turn causes fluid build up.
Effects of Glue ears:
Due to the malfunctioning Eustachian tube and negative pressure build up, the sticky mucus gets collected behind the ear drum. This in turn dampens the sound vibrations and this leads to selective hearing and dull hearing. Glue ears can also lead to balance problems.
Glue ears can be categorised into temporary & permanent.
In case of temporary glue ears, the condition lasts for 3 months and no treatment is required.
In case of permanent or persistent glue ears, the condition lasts for more than 3 months and treatment is required.