Dehydration in children is quite common and it is very important that it is treated and correct steps are taken to prevent the same.
Causes of Dehydration
Principle cause of dehydration in children is lower in-take of fluids. Loose motion, high fever and vomiting may also cause dehydration. Long hours of severe physical activities like outdoor sports and prolonged exposure to the sun when not compensated with enough fluid in-take may also lead to dehydration.
Prevention of Dehydration
The best and most simple way of preventing dehydration is to ensure that the child is taking adequate fluid.
Treatment of Dehydration
One of the easiest ways is to provide adequate fluid in the form of glucose water. However WHO formulated ORS is more effective. Thus, it is advisable to provide ORS in case of dehydration.
Keep providing small sips of water continuously till recovery. If the child is unable to consume due to sore throat, painkillers can be administered.
In case of high fever & vomiting, rectal suppository should be administered and anti-emetic can also be used.
Symptoms of Dehydration
Immediately consult a doctor if the child feels exceedingly lethargic or thirsty. Dryness in skin and decreased urination are also symptoms of severe dehydration. In some cases hospitalization may also be necessary.