Brain and Mental Health

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Published on June 5, 2015 by HWC

Brain and Mental Health

This video talks about how brain will function in people having mental disorders.

What is Mental Health?

Mental health is the capability to cope up with stress and carry out daily activities perfectly. It deals with the way you think, feel, act and treat others.

Scientists revealed that few areas in the brain affect mental health.

  • The fear area of the brain termed as Amygdala helps brains to evade harmful things. It works collaboratively with prefrontal cortex to regulate your response to fearful and stressful actions
  • The prefrontal cortex assists you in taking decisions, resolve problems and recall memories
  • The anterior cingulate gyrus helps you focus on tasks and control emotions
  • The hippocampus helps to make and store new memories

Neurons are the working units of the brain, which passes messages to each other via electrical impulses. These impulses move along neuron and reaches axon.

At axon, the impulse makes neurons to transmit chemical messengers called as “Neurotransmitters”. These move across a small gap known as synaptic gap and attach to another neuron. This makes the neuron to produce new impulse, which spreads out in the brain.

Problems in these disorders can lead to mental disorders. Few factors that cause it are as follows:

  • Family background
  • Stress
  • Brain injury
  • Heart disease
  • Hormones
  • Drugs

Chemical Imbalance

When you have chemical imbalance, neurons can’t pass messages to the brain between each other.  Glutamate is the most common chemical messenger.

People with mental problems such as obsessive, compulsive disorders, schizophrenia, Alzheimer disease and depression have problems producing or using Glutamate. Serotonin, other chemical messenger helps control mood, hunger and sleep. People with depression problem don’t have adequate Serotonin.

So, brain and mental health are internally linked together.

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